1. We started with a quick review of what’s been highlighted in Romans so far.
A: Paul has highlighted justification, sanctification, & now in this chapter we see him introduce redemption. Why does it matter if we have an understanding of theological terms such as these?
B: It was said on Sunday that redemption is an instantaneous, permanent movement from enslavement to sin to enslavement to Christ. What gives us confidence that redemption is instantaneous & permanent?
C: Pastor Nate posed the question: Is the redemption that you claim proven by your sanctification? This question connects redemption with sanctification, why is this connection needed? What happens if you claim one without the other?
2. We then went through this passage verse by verse.
A: In v. 15, we see Paul addressing antinomianism: the belief that one can claim faith in Christ without devoting yourself to Christ. How is this kind of thinking still seen today?
B: It was said that antinomianism & legalism are the two sides of the same coin: both find their identity in relationship to the law…one in strict adherence, the other in liberty from it. How do we show wisdom as Christians to not fall into either of these positions?
C: In v. 16, we see the 2 options for authority: sin or God. We also see the 2 results: eternal punishment or righteousness. How are we tempted to abandon these stark realities & try to find a neutral ground/result for people?
D: In v. 17-18, we see the evidence of no longer being a slave to sin: obedience from the heart & the new position: a slave to righteousness. How can we encourage one another towards, “obedience from the heart”? How can we better remind ourselves of our new position in Christ regularly?
E: In v. 19, we were challenged to live in the reality of our position as slaves to righteousness by repenting of our sin. What does God use to convict us of sin? What is the difference between repentance & remorse?
F: In v. 20-21, we see that in sin we don’t want righteousness & can’t attain righteousness…instead this way of life leads to embarrassment & death. This is contrasted with the new identity for those in Christ that leads to sanctification & eternal life. How should Christians look at their old life in light of God’s grace? How does our position as in Christ motivate you to press further into sanctification & its end, eternal life?
G: V. 23 is a familiar verse to many…what do we learn from this verse about what is earned versus what is given? Why is this verse such good, gospel news for both the legalist & the antinomian?
H: Our final question from Sunday was this: Who is the master of your life based on your priorities, your home, your involvement in church, your use of time, etc?